Parabens are preservatives found in cosmetics, processed foods, and medications. The harmful repercussions on the central nervous system by one of the most common parabens, propylparaben (PrP), are yet unknown, especially during development. In this study, the neurodevelopmental effects of PrP and long-term neurotoxicity were investigated in the zebrafish model, using an integrated approach. Zebrafish embryos were exposed to two different concentrations of PrP (10 and 1000 μg/L), then larvae were examined for their behavioral phenotypes (open-field behavior, startle response, and circadian rhythmicity) and relevant brain markers (cyp19a1b, pax6a, shank3a, and gad1b). Long-term behavioral and cognitive impacts on sociability, cerebral functional asymmetry and thigmotaxis were also examined on juveniles at 30 dpf and 60 dpf. Moreover, proteomics and gene expression analysis were assessed in brains of 60 dpf zebrafish. Interestingly, thigmotaxis was decreased by the high dose in larvae and increased by the low dose in juveniles. The expression of shank3a and gad1b genes was repressed by both PrP concentrations pointing to possible effects of PrP on neurodevelopment and synaptogenesis. Proteomics analysis evidenced alterations related to brain development and lipid metabolism. Overall, the results demonstrated that early-life exposure to PrP promotes developmental and persistent neurobehavioral alterations in the zebrafish model, affecting genes and protein levels possibly associated with brain diseases.

Embryonic and larval exposure to propylparaben induces developmental and long-term neurotoxicity in zebrafish model

Bertolucci, Cristiano
Secondo
;
Lucon-Xiccato, Tyrone;
2024

Abstract

Parabens are preservatives found in cosmetics, processed foods, and medications. The harmful repercussions on the central nervous system by one of the most common parabens, propylparaben (PrP), are yet unknown, especially during development. In this study, the neurodevelopmental effects of PrP and long-term neurotoxicity were investigated in the zebrafish model, using an integrated approach. Zebrafish embryos were exposed to two different concentrations of PrP (10 and 1000 μg/L), then larvae were examined for their behavioral phenotypes (open-field behavior, startle response, and circadian rhythmicity) and relevant brain markers (cyp19a1b, pax6a, shank3a, and gad1b). Long-term behavioral and cognitive impacts on sociability, cerebral functional asymmetry and thigmotaxis were also examined on juveniles at 30 dpf and 60 dpf. Moreover, proteomics and gene expression analysis were assessed in brains of 60 dpf zebrafish. Interestingly, thigmotaxis was decreased by the high dose in larvae and increased by the low dose in juveniles. The expression of shank3a and gad1b genes was repressed by both PrP concentrations pointing to possible effects of PrP on neurodevelopment and synaptogenesis. Proteomics analysis evidenced alterations related to brain development and lipid metabolism. Overall, the results demonstrated that early-life exposure to PrP promotes developmental and persistent neurobehavioral alterations in the zebrafish model, affecting genes and protein levels possibly associated with brain diseases.
2024
Merola, Carmine; Caioni, Giulia; Bertolucci, Cristiano; Lucon-Xiccato, Tyrone; Savaşçı, Beste Başak; Tait, Sabrina; Casella, Marialuisa; Camerini, Ser...espandi
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2533888
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