Oleander (Nerium oleander) is an ornamental plant common in tropical and sub-tropical regions that is becoming increasingly widespread, even in temperate regions. Oleander poisoning may occur in animals and humans. The main active components contained in the plant are cardiac glycosides belonging to the class of cardenolides that are toxic to many species, from human to insects. This work describes a case of oleander poisoning that occurred on a small cattle farm and resulted in the fatality of all six resident animals. Furthermore, the investigation of the poisonous agent is described, with particular focus on the characterization of the oleandrin toxin that was recovered from the forage and rumen contents. The innovation of this study is the first description of the detection and quantification of the oleandrin toxin by liquid chromatography-high resolution mass spectrometry (LC-HRMS) in rumen.

A probable fatal case of oleander (Nerium oleander) poisoning on a cattle farm: A new method of detection and quantification of the oleandrin toxin in rumen

Frisoni, Paolo
Visualization
;
Gaudio, Rosa Maria;Baldisserotto, Anna
Writing – Review & Editing
;
Manfredini, Stefano
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Barbieri, Stefania
Data Curation
;
2019

Abstract

Oleander (Nerium oleander) is an ornamental plant common in tropical and sub-tropical regions that is becoming increasingly widespread, even in temperate regions. Oleander poisoning may occur in animals and humans. The main active components contained in the plant are cardiac glycosides belonging to the class of cardenolides that are toxic to many species, from human to insects. This work describes a case of oleander poisoning that occurred on a small cattle farm and resulted in the fatality of all six resident animals. Furthermore, the investigation of the poisonous agent is described, with particular focus on the characterization of the oleandrin toxin that was recovered from the forage and rumen contents. The innovation of this study is the first description of the detection and quantification of the oleandrin toxin by liquid chromatography-high resolution mass spectrometry (LC-HRMS) in rumen.
2019
Rubini, Silva; Rossi, Sabina Strano; Mestria, Serena; Odoardi, Sara; Chendi, Sara; Poli, Andrea; Merialdi, Giuseppe; Andreoli, Giuseppina; Frisoni, Paolo; Gaudio, Rosa Maria; Baldisserotto, Anna; Buso, Piergiacomo; Manfredini, Stefano; Govoni, Guido; Barbieri, Stefania; Centelleghe, Cinzia; Corazzola, Giorgia; Mazzariol, Sandro; Locatelli, Carlo Alessandro
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2411366
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