We consider accretion of matter onto a low mass black hole surrounded by ionized medium. We show that, because of the higher mobility of protons than electrons, the black hole would acquire positive electric charge. If the black hole's mass is about or below 10 20 g, the electric field at the horizon can reach the critical value which leads to vacuum instability and electron-positron pair production by the Schwinger mechanism. Since the positrons are ejected by the emergent electric field, while electrons are back-captured, the black hole operates as an antimatter factory which effectively converts protons into positrons. © 2009 IOP Publishing Ltd and SISSA.

Black holes as antimatter factories

BAMBI, Cosimo;DOLGOV, Alexander;
2009

Abstract

We consider accretion of matter onto a low mass black hole surrounded by ionized medium. We show that, because of the higher mobility of protons than electrons, the black hole would acquire positive electric charge. If the black hole's mass is about or below 10 20 g, the electric field at the horizon can reach the critical value which leads to vacuum instability and electron-positron pair production by the Schwinger mechanism. Since the positrons are ejected by the emergent electric field, while electrons are back-captured, the black hole operates as an antimatter factory which effectively converts protons into positrons. © 2009 IOP Publishing Ltd and SISSA.
2009
Bambi, Cosimo; Dolgov, Alexander; A. A., Petrov
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/1402433
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