In this work, the elimination of p-nitrophenol (p-NPh) from aqueous solutions by electrochemical oxidation at Pb/PbO2 anodes was investigated. The process was studied under galvanostatic polarization mode in acidic and alkaline media, as a function of the temperature (20, 40 and 60 °C) and of the anodic current density (J = 10, 20 and 30 mA cm-2). In acidic media (0.5M H2SO4), the oxidation process allowed a 94% p-NPh conversion in 7 h, at 20 °C and with J = 20 mA cm-2, with a wide distribution of degradation products (in particular: 39% benzo-quinone and 26% hydroquinone, as given by a mass balance at the above electrolysis time). Under these conditions, the current efficiency for the substrate oxidation was 15.4% ([Ah L-1]exp = 7 versus [Ah L-1]theo = 1.08 Ah L-1). In alkaline media (0.1M NaOH, pH 8.5), the most effective p-NPh elimination (97%) was obtained at 60 °C, 20 mA cm-2 and 420 min of electrolysis time, again with the production of p-benzoquinone and hydroquinone (52.7 and 15.1%, respectively). Under the latter conditions, an almost complete chemical oxygen demand (COD) abatement was attained, with a high level of p-NPh mineralization (>80%), a yield of p-NPh conversion greater than 95% and a scarce formation of aliphatic acids (most probably maleic acid). From the degradation curves ([p-NPh] versus t), in both acidic and alkaline media, the UV analyses and/or COD measurements, a complete oxidation of aliphatic acids to form CO2 could be predicted for electrolysis time >420 min, according to a suggested oxidation pathway.

Electrocatalytic oxidation of p-nitrophenol from aqueous solutions at Pb/PbO2 anodes

MARTINEZ, Carlos Alberto;FERRO, Sergio;DE BATTISTI, Achille
2005

Abstract

In this work, the elimination of p-nitrophenol (p-NPh) from aqueous solutions by electrochemical oxidation at Pb/PbO2 anodes was investigated. The process was studied under galvanostatic polarization mode in acidic and alkaline media, as a function of the temperature (20, 40 and 60 °C) and of the anodic current density (J = 10, 20 and 30 mA cm-2). In acidic media (0.5M H2SO4), the oxidation process allowed a 94% p-NPh conversion in 7 h, at 20 °C and with J = 20 mA cm-2, with a wide distribution of degradation products (in particular: 39% benzo-quinone and 26% hydroquinone, as given by a mass balance at the above electrolysis time). Under these conditions, the current efficiency for the substrate oxidation was 15.4% ([Ah L-1]exp = 7 versus [Ah L-1]theo = 1.08 Ah L-1). In alkaline media (0.1M NaOH, pH 8.5), the most effective p-NPh elimination (97%) was obtained at 60 °C, 20 mA cm-2 and 420 min of electrolysis time, again with the production of p-benzoquinone and hydroquinone (52.7 and 15.1%, respectively). Under the latter conditions, an almost complete chemical oxygen demand (COD) abatement was attained, with a high level of p-NPh mineralization (>80%), a yield of p-NPh conversion greater than 95% and a scarce formation of aliphatic acids (most probably maleic acid). From the degradation curves ([p-NPh] versus t), in both acidic and alkaline media, the UV analyses and/or COD measurements, a complete oxidation of aliphatic acids to form CO2 could be predicted for electrolysis time >420 min, according to a suggested oxidation pathway.
2005
M. A., Quiroz; S., Reyna; Martinez, Carlos Alberto; Ferro, Sergio; DE BATTISTI, Achille
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/1200776
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