CONTEXT: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) and subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) are conditions at high risk for the development of hypopituitarism. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to clarify whether pituitary deficiencies and normal pituitary function recorded at 3 months would improve or worsen at 12 months after the brain injury. DESIGN AND PATIENTS: Pituitary function was tested at 3 and 12 months in patients who had TBI (n = 70) or SAH (n = 32). RESULTS: In TBI, the 3-month evaluation had shown hypopituitarism (H) in 32.8\%. Panhypopituitarism (PH), multiple (MH), and isolated (IH) hypopituitarism had been demonstrated in 5.7, 5.7, and 21.4\%, respectively. The retesting demonstrated some degree of H in 22.7\%. PH, MH, and IH were present in 5.7, 4.2, and 12.8\%, respectively. PH was always confirmed at 12 months, whereas MH and IH were confirmed in 25\% only. In 5.5\% of TBI with no deficit at 3 months, IH was recorded at retesting. In 13.3\% of TBI with IH at 3 months, MH was demonstrated at 12-month retesting. In SAH, the 3-month evaluation had shown H in 46.8\%. MH and IH had been demonstrated in 6.2 and 40.6\%, respectively. The retesting demonstrated H in 37.5\%. MH and IH were present in 6.2 and 31.3\%, respectively. Although no MH was confirmed at 12 months, two patients with IH at 3 months showed MH at retesting; 30.7\% of SAH with IH at 3 months displayed normal pituitary function at retesting. In SAH, normal pituitary function was always confirmed. In TBI and SAH, the most common deficit was always severe GH deficiency. CONCLUSION: There is high risk for H in TBI and SAH patients. Early diagnosis of PH is always confirmed in the long term. Pituitary function in brain-injured patients may improve over time but, although rarely, may also worsen. Thus, brain-injured patients must undergo neuroendocrine follow-up over time.

Residual pituitary function after brain injury-induced hypopituitarism: a prospective 12-month study.

AMBROSIO, Maria Rosaria;DEGLI UBERTI, Ettore;
2005

Abstract

CONTEXT: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) and subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) are conditions at high risk for the development of hypopituitarism. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to clarify whether pituitary deficiencies and normal pituitary function recorded at 3 months would improve or worsen at 12 months after the brain injury. DESIGN AND PATIENTS: Pituitary function was tested at 3 and 12 months in patients who had TBI (n = 70) or SAH (n = 32). RESULTS: In TBI, the 3-month evaluation had shown hypopituitarism (H) in 32.8\%. Panhypopituitarism (PH), multiple (MH), and isolated (IH) hypopituitarism had been demonstrated in 5.7, 5.7, and 21.4\%, respectively. The retesting demonstrated some degree of H in 22.7\%. PH, MH, and IH were present in 5.7, 4.2, and 12.8\%, respectively. PH was always confirmed at 12 months, whereas MH and IH were confirmed in 25\% only. In 5.5\% of TBI with no deficit at 3 months, IH was recorded at retesting. In 13.3\% of TBI with IH at 3 months, MH was demonstrated at 12-month retesting. In SAH, the 3-month evaluation had shown H in 46.8\%. MH and IH had been demonstrated in 6.2 and 40.6\%, respectively. The retesting demonstrated H in 37.5\%. MH and IH were present in 6.2 and 31.3\%, respectively. Although no MH was confirmed at 12 months, two patients with IH at 3 months showed MH at retesting; 30.7\% of SAH with IH at 3 months displayed normal pituitary function at retesting. In SAH, normal pituitary function was always confirmed. In TBI and SAH, the most common deficit was always severe GH deficiency. CONCLUSION: There is high risk for H in TBI and SAH patients. Early diagnosis of PH is always confirmed in the long term. Pituitary function in brain-injured patients may improve over time but, although rarely, may also worsen. Thus, brain-injured patients must undergo neuroendocrine follow-up over time.
2005
Gianluca, Aimaretti; Ambrosio, Maria Rosaria; Carolina Di, Somma; Maurizio, Gasperi; Salvatore, Cannavò; Carla, Scaroni; Alessandra, Fusco; Patrizia Del, Monte; Ernesto De, Menis; Marco Faustini, Fustini; Franco, Grimaldi; Francesco, Logoluso; Paola, Razzore; Silvia, Rovere; Salvatore, Benvenga; DEGLI UBERTI, Ettore; Laura De, Marinis; Gaetano, Lombardi; Franco, Mantero; Enio, Martino; Giulio, Giordano; Ezio, Ghigo
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in SFERA sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/524319
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 296
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 258
social impact