3H-thymidine incorporation was studied in cultured human nasal and articular chondrocytes exposed to low-energy, low-frequency pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMFs) (75 Hz, 2.3 mT). The reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analysis shows that human secondary chondrocytes derived from both nasal and articular cartilage express collagen type II mRNA, which is a specific marker of the chondrocyte phenotype. In a preliminary series of experiments, cells were exposed to PEMF for different time periods ranging from 6 to 30 hours (time-course), in medium supplemented with 10% or 0.5% fetal calf serum (FCS) and in serum-free medium. The ratios between the 3H-thymidine incorporation in PEMFs and control cultures show an increase of the cell proliferation in cultures exposed to PEMFs when serum is present in the culture medium, whereas no effect was observed in serum-free conditions. The increase in DNA synthesis, induced by PEMFs, was then evaluated only at the times of maximum induction and the results were analyzed by the three-factor analysis of variance (ANOVA). The data presented in this study show that even if 3H-thymidine incorporation is higher in nasal than in articular chondrocytes, PEMF induce an increase in the proliferation of both cell types. Moreover, the concentration of FCS in the culture medium greatly influences the proliferative response of human chondrocytes to the PEMF exposure. Though normal human osteoblast cells increase their proliferation when exposed to PEMFs if only 10% FCS is present in the medium, human chondrocytes are able to increase their cell proliferation when exposed to PEMFs in the presence of both 0.5% and 10% of FCS in the medium. The results obtained may help to explain the basic mechanisms of PEMF stimulation of fracture healing.

Effects of pulsed electromagnetic fields on human chondrocytes: An in vitro study

PEZZETTI, Furio
Primo
;
DE MATTEI, Monica
Secondo
;
CARUSO, Angelo
;
CARINCI, Francesco;TRAINA, Gian Carlo
Penultimo
;
SOLLAZZO, Vincenzo
Ultimo
1999

Abstract

3H-thymidine incorporation was studied in cultured human nasal and articular chondrocytes exposed to low-energy, low-frequency pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMFs) (75 Hz, 2.3 mT). The reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analysis shows that human secondary chondrocytes derived from both nasal and articular cartilage express collagen type II mRNA, which is a specific marker of the chondrocyte phenotype. In a preliminary series of experiments, cells were exposed to PEMF for different time periods ranging from 6 to 30 hours (time-course), in medium supplemented with 10% or 0.5% fetal calf serum (FCS) and in serum-free medium. The ratios between the 3H-thymidine incorporation in PEMFs and control cultures show an increase of the cell proliferation in cultures exposed to PEMFs when serum is present in the culture medium, whereas no effect was observed in serum-free conditions. The increase in DNA synthesis, induced by PEMFs, was then evaluated only at the times of maximum induction and the results were analyzed by the three-factor analysis of variance (ANOVA). The data presented in this study show that even if 3H-thymidine incorporation is higher in nasal than in articular chondrocytes, PEMF induce an increase in the proliferation of both cell types. Moreover, the concentration of FCS in the culture medium greatly influences the proliferative response of human chondrocytes to the PEMF exposure. Though normal human osteoblast cells increase their proliferation when exposed to PEMFs if only 10% FCS is present in the medium, human chondrocytes are able to increase their cell proliferation when exposed to PEMFs in the presence of both 0.5% and 10% of FCS in the medium. The results obtained may help to explain the basic mechanisms of PEMF stimulation of fracture healing.
1999
Pezzetti, Furio; DE MATTEI, Monica; Caruso, Angelo; Cadossi, R; Zucchini, P; Carinci, Francesco; Traina, Gian Carlo; Sollazzo, Vincenzo
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/516797
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