Nucleotides are increasingly recognized as non-redundant extracellular signals for chemotaxis, cell growth and cytokine release. Effects of extracellular nucleotides are mediated by P2 receptors, among which the P2X7 subtype is attracting increasing attention for its involvement in apoptosis, cell growth and cytokine release. Recent studies showed that P2X7 is overexpressed in chronic lymphocytic leukemia, breast and prostate cancer. The aim of the present study was to better understand the clinical significance of P2X7 receptor expression in normal and cancer human thyroid tissues. P2X7 receptor message and protein expression and functional activity were tested in two cell lines (FB1 and FB2) established from either anaplastic and papillary primary thyroid cancer and in several histological samples of human papillary cancer. We show here that human thyroid papillary carcinoma, whether of the classical or follicular variant, express the P2X7 receptor (P2X7R) to a much higher level than normal thyroid tissue. The P2X7R was similarly up-regulated in FB1 and FB2 cell lines. In contrast to normal thyroid cells, both cell lines responded to extracellular nucleotide stimulation with a large increase in intracellular Ca(2+) and secretion of IL-6. Ca(2+) increase was attenuated and release of IL-6 was fully blocked by P2X7R inhibitors. Finally, the thyroid carcinoma cell lines had an at least three fold higher intracellular ATP concentration, and maintained an at least three fold higher extracellular ATP level compared to control cells. These data suggest that an enhanced P2X7R function might be a feature of human thyroid cancer.

Increased P2X7 receptor expression and function in thyroid papillar cancer: a new potential marker of the disease?

FERRARI, Davide;GULINELLI, Sara;CALLEGARI, Maria Giulia;DI VIRGILIO, Francesco;
2008

Abstract

Nucleotides are increasingly recognized as non-redundant extracellular signals for chemotaxis, cell growth and cytokine release. Effects of extracellular nucleotides are mediated by P2 receptors, among which the P2X7 subtype is attracting increasing attention for its involvement in apoptosis, cell growth and cytokine release. Recent studies showed that P2X7 is overexpressed in chronic lymphocytic leukemia, breast and prostate cancer. The aim of the present study was to better understand the clinical significance of P2X7 receptor expression in normal and cancer human thyroid tissues. P2X7 receptor message and protein expression and functional activity were tested in two cell lines (FB1 and FB2) established from either anaplastic and papillary primary thyroid cancer and in several histological samples of human papillary cancer. We show here that human thyroid papillary carcinoma, whether of the classical or follicular variant, express the P2X7 receptor (P2X7R) to a much higher level than normal thyroid tissue. The P2X7R was similarly up-regulated in FB1 and FB2 cell lines. In contrast to normal thyroid cells, both cell lines responded to extracellular nucleotide stimulation with a large increase in intracellular Ca(2+) and secretion of IL-6. Ca(2+) increase was attenuated and release of IL-6 was fully blocked by P2X7R inhibitors. Finally, the thyroid carcinoma cell lines had an at least three fold higher intracellular ATP concentration, and maintained an at least three fold higher extracellular ATP level compared to control cells. These data suggest that an enhanced P2X7R function might be a feature of human thyroid cancer.
2008
Solini, A; Cuccato, S; Ferrari, Davide; Santini, E; Gulinelli, Sara; Callegari, Maria Giulia; Dardano, A; Faviana, P; Madec, S; DI VIRGILIO, Francesco; Monzani, F.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/499058
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