Neuropeptide S (NPS) has been recently recognized as the endogenous ligand for the previous orphan G-protein-coupled receptor GPR154, now referred to as the NPS receptor (NPSR). The NPS-NPSR receptor system regulates important biological functions such as sleeping/wakening, locomotion, anxiety, and food intake. To collect information on the mechanisms of interaction between NPS and its receptor, a classical structure-activity relationship study was performed. Human (h) NPS derivatives obtained by Ala and D-scan and N- and C-terminal truncation were assessed for their ability to stimulate calcium release in HEK293 cells expressing the human recombinant NPSR. The results of this study indicate that (i) the effect of hNPS is mimicked by the fragment hNPS- (1-10); (ii) Phe2, Arg3, and Asn4 are crucial for biological activity; (iii) the sequence Thr8-Gly9-Met10 is important for receptor activation, although with non-stringent chemical requirements; and (iv) the sequence Val6-Gly7 acts as a hinge region between the two above-mentioned domains. However, the stimulatory effect of hNPS given intracerebroventricularly on mouse locomotor activity was not fully mimicked by hNPS-(1-10), suggesting that the C-terminal region of the peptide maintains importance for in vivo activity. In conclusion, this study identified the amino acid residues of this peptide most important for receptor activation.

Structure-activity studies on neuropeptide S - Identification of the amino acid residues crucial for receptor activation

MARZOLA, Erika
Secondo
;
RIZZI, Anna;ARDUIN, Marika;TRAPELLA, Claudio;VERGURA, RAFFAELLA;SALVADORI, Severo;REGOLI, Domenico;CALO', Girolamo
Penultimo
;
GUERRINI, Remo
Ultimo
2006

Abstract

Neuropeptide S (NPS) has been recently recognized as the endogenous ligand for the previous orphan G-protein-coupled receptor GPR154, now referred to as the NPS receptor (NPSR). The NPS-NPSR receptor system regulates important biological functions such as sleeping/wakening, locomotion, anxiety, and food intake. To collect information on the mechanisms of interaction between NPS and its receptor, a classical structure-activity relationship study was performed. Human (h) NPS derivatives obtained by Ala and D-scan and N- and C-terminal truncation were assessed for their ability to stimulate calcium release in HEK293 cells expressing the human recombinant NPSR. The results of this study indicate that (i) the effect of hNPS is mimicked by the fragment hNPS- (1-10); (ii) Phe2, Arg3, and Asn4 are crucial for biological activity; (iii) the sequence Thr8-Gly9-Met10 is important for receptor activation, although with non-stringent chemical requirements; and (iv) the sequence Val6-Gly7 acts as a hinge region between the two above-mentioned domains. However, the stimulatory effect of hNPS given intracerebroventricularly on mouse locomotor activity was not fully mimicked by hNPS-(1-10), suggesting that the C-terminal region of the peptide maintains importance for in vivo activity. In conclusion, this study identified the amino acid residues of this peptide most important for receptor activation.
2006
Roth, Al; Marzola, Erika; Rizzi, Anna; Arduin, Marika; Trapella, Claudio; Corti, C; Vergura, Raffaella; Martinelli, P; Salvadori, Severo; Regoli, Domenico; Corsi, M; Cavanni, P; Calo', Girolamo; Guerrini, Remo
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/470759
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