We investigated the negative chronotropic and vasodilating properties of new selective A1 and A2 adenosine agonists such as 2-chloro-N6-cyclopentyladenosine (CCPA) and 2-hexynyl-5′-N-ethyl-carboxamidoadenosine (2-hexynyl-NECA) as compared with reference adenosine analogues. The potency of these compounds on heart rate was assessed in the rat atrial preparation and their activity on the vascular tone was determined in both rat aorta and bovine coronary artery. CCPA was found to be the most potent At agonist of those currently available in producing negative chronotropic effects (EC50 = 8.2 nM). The A1 antagonist 8-cyclopentyl-1,3-dipropyl-xanthine (DPCPX) blocked CCPA activity in a dose-dependent manner. There was also a significant correlation between its biological effect and the affinity for A1 receptors as measured in the rat brain by [3H]-N6-cyclohexyladenosine (3[H]-CHA) binding. The A2 selective agonist 2-hexynyl-NECA showed vasodilating properties comparable with those observed with the reference compounds, CGS 21680 and NECA. EC50 values were 596 and 569 nM in rat aorta and bovine coronary artery, respectively. Moreover, the rank order of potency was similar in the two vascular districts examined, suggesting that the rat aorta is a useful model for studying the effects of adenosine derivatives on vascular tone. In addition, the potency of the compounds in inducing vasodilation was found to be correlated with their affinity for A2 receptors as measured in the rat striatum by 3[H]-CGS 21680 binding. These data further support that A1 receptors are involved in depressing cardiac activity and A2 receptors in inducing vasorelaxation. © 1993 Springer-Verlag.

Effects of selective A1 and A2 adenosine receptor agonists on cardiovascular tissues

Borea P. A.;
1993

Abstract

We investigated the negative chronotropic and vasodilating properties of new selective A1 and A2 adenosine agonists such as 2-chloro-N6-cyclopentyladenosine (CCPA) and 2-hexynyl-5′-N-ethyl-carboxamidoadenosine (2-hexynyl-NECA) as compared with reference adenosine analogues. The potency of these compounds on heart rate was assessed in the rat atrial preparation and their activity on the vascular tone was determined in both rat aorta and bovine coronary artery. CCPA was found to be the most potent At agonist of those currently available in producing negative chronotropic effects (EC50 = 8.2 nM). The A1 antagonist 8-cyclopentyl-1,3-dipropyl-xanthine (DPCPX) blocked CCPA activity in a dose-dependent manner. There was also a significant correlation between its biological effect and the affinity for A1 receptors as measured in the rat brain by [3H]-N6-cyclohexyladenosine (3[H]-CHA) binding. The A2 selective agonist 2-hexynyl-NECA showed vasodilating properties comparable with those observed with the reference compounds, CGS 21680 and NECA. EC50 values were 596 and 569 nM in rat aorta and bovine coronary artery, respectively. Moreover, the rank order of potency was similar in the two vascular districts examined, suggesting that the rat aorta is a useful model for studying the effects of adenosine derivatives on vascular tone. In addition, the potency of the compounds in inducing vasodilation was found to be correlated with their affinity for A2 receptors as measured in the rat striatum by 3[H]-CGS 21680 binding. These data further support that A1 receptors are involved in depressing cardiac activity and A2 receptors in inducing vasorelaxation. © 1993 Springer-Verlag.
1993
Conti, A.; Monopoli, A.; Gamba, M.; Borea, P. A.; Ongini, E.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/460532
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