We present new measurements of the values of the Hubble constant, matter density, dark energy density, and dark energy density equation-of-state parameters from a full strong lensing analysis of the observed positions of 89 multiple images and 4 measured time delays of SN Refsdal multiple images in the Hubble Frontier Fields galaxy cluster MACS J1149.5+2223. By strictly following the identical modelling methodology as in our previous work, that was done before the time delays were available, our cosmographic measurements here are essentially blind based on the frozen procedure. Without using any priors from other cosmological experiments, in an open w wCDM cosmological model, through our reference cluster mass model, we measure the following values: H 0 = 65. 1 − 3.4 + 3.5 H 0 ​ =65.1 −3.4 +3.5 ​ km s − 1 −1 Mpc − 1 −1 , Ω D E = 0.7 6 − 0.10 + 0.15 Ω DE ​ =0.76 −0.10 +0.15 ​ , and w = − 0.9 2 − 0.21 + 0.15 w=−0.92 −0.21 +0.15 ​ (at the 68.3% confidence level). No other single cosmological probe is able to measure simultaneously all these parameters. Remarkably, our estimated values of the cosmological parameters, particularly H 0 H 0 ​ , are very robust and do not depend significantly on the assumed cosmological model and the cluster mass modelling details. The latter introduce systematic uncertainties on the values of H 0 H 0 ​ and w w which are found largely subdominant compared to the statistical errors. The results of this study show that time delays in lens galaxy clusters, combined with extensive photometric and spectroscopic information, offers a novel and competitive cosmological tool.

Cosmography with supernova Refsdal through time-delay cluster lensing: Independent measurements of the Hubble constant and geometry of the Universe

Pagano, L.;Rosati, P.;
2024

Abstract

We present new measurements of the values of the Hubble constant, matter density, dark energy density, and dark energy density equation-of-state parameters from a full strong lensing analysis of the observed positions of 89 multiple images and 4 measured time delays of SN Refsdal multiple images in the Hubble Frontier Fields galaxy cluster MACS J1149.5+2223. By strictly following the identical modelling methodology as in our previous work, that was done before the time delays were available, our cosmographic measurements here are essentially blind based on the frozen procedure. Without using any priors from other cosmological experiments, in an open w wCDM cosmological model, through our reference cluster mass model, we measure the following values: H 0 = 65. 1 − 3.4 + 3.5 H 0 ​ =65.1 −3.4 +3.5 ​ km s − 1 −1 Mpc − 1 −1 , Ω D E = 0.7 6 − 0.10 + 0.15 Ω DE ​ =0.76 −0.10 +0.15 ​ , and w = − 0.9 2 − 0.21 + 0.15 w=−0.92 −0.21 +0.15 ​ (at the 68.3% confidence level). No other single cosmological probe is able to measure simultaneously all these parameters. Remarkably, our estimated values of the cosmological parameters, particularly H 0 H 0 ​ , are very robust and do not depend significantly on the assumed cosmological model and the cluster mass modelling details. The latter introduce systematic uncertainties on the values of H 0 H 0 ​ and w w which are found largely subdominant compared to the statistical errors. The results of this study show that time delays in lens galaxy clusters, combined with extensive photometric and spectroscopic information, offers a novel and competitive cosmological tool.
2024
Grillo, C.; Pagano, L.; Rosati, P.; Suyu, S H.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2547210
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