A Late-glacial / Early-Holocene lacustrine and peat succession, with conifer macro-remains and including some pal-aeo-mesolithic flint artefacts, was investigated in several steps in the Palughetto intermorainic basin (Venetian Pre-Alps). Pub-lished data on the geomorphic and stratigraphic relations, 14C chronology, pollen series and archaeology allow a reconstruction of the environmental history of the basin and provide significant insights into the reforestation and human peopling of the Pre-Alps. In this dendrochronological study, we analysed 203 trunks and branches from the subfossil tree assemblage of Palughetto mire, resulting in seven groups of 34 trees, which fall in a period of 1600 years of the Bølling-Allerød Interstadial between c. 14,900-12,800 cal BP. Cross dating was facilitated by numerous decadal AMS 14C age determinations. Most of the trees were not found ‘in situ’. They fell into the wetland and were preserved in the sediment. The forest mainly consisted of the species spruce (Picea abies Karst.), larch (Larix decidua Mill.), birch (Betula pubescens Erh.), poplar (Populus sp.) and willow (Salix sp.), confirming results from palynology and botanical remains analyses. Growth rates are different for each species. Spruce trees show wide rings and ‘complacent’ tree growth. Larch tree rings were narrower with higher interannual variability. The high growth rate of spruce indicates favourable growing conditions such as moderate temperatures and sufficient water supply during the vegetation period of the Bølling-Allerød in Palughetto, which is similar to the modern situation of the area.

Late Glacial tree-ring chronologies from Palughetto bog, Veneto Pre-Alps, Italy

Marco Peresani
Ultimo
2024

Abstract

A Late-glacial / Early-Holocene lacustrine and peat succession, with conifer macro-remains and including some pal-aeo-mesolithic flint artefacts, was investigated in several steps in the Palughetto intermorainic basin (Venetian Pre-Alps). Pub-lished data on the geomorphic and stratigraphic relations, 14C chronology, pollen series and archaeology allow a reconstruction of the environmental history of the basin and provide significant insights into the reforestation and human peopling of the Pre-Alps. In this dendrochronological study, we analysed 203 trunks and branches from the subfossil tree assemblage of Palughetto mire, resulting in seven groups of 34 trees, which fall in a period of 1600 years of the Bølling-Allerød Interstadial between c. 14,900-12,800 cal BP. Cross dating was facilitated by numerous decadal AMS 14C age determinations. Most of the trees were not found ‘in situ’. They fell into the wetland and were preserved in the sediment. The forest mainly consisted of the species spruce (Picea abies Karst.), larch (Larix decidua Mill.), birch (Betula pubescens Erh.), poplar (Populus sp.) and willow (Salix sp.), confirming results from palynology and botanical remains analyses. Growth rates are different for each species. Spruce trees show wide rings and ‘complacent’ tree growth. Larch tree rings were narrower with higher interannual variability. The high growth rate of spruce indicates favourable growing conditions such as moderate temperatures and sufficient water supply during the vegetation period of the Bølling-Allerød in Palughetto, which is similar to the modern situation of the area.
2024
Friedrich, Michael; Kromer, Bernd; Peresani, Marco
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2547171
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