Background: The ketogenic diet is a non-pharmacologic treatment option for children with drug-resistant epilepsy. This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to assess the efficacy of the ketogenic diet on seizures frequency in children. Methods: We reviewed the literature using Cochrane, EMBASE, MEDLINE, and highly qualified journals.Randomized controlled trials were chosen to investigate the seizures-free regime or at least 50% seizures reduction after three months from the starting of the ketogenic diet or earlier. We have selected articles from January 2011 to January 2020.Eight articles were eligible. The data show a significant reduction in seizure frequency in the dietary treatment pediatric population. The rate of a seizures-free regime or at least 50% seizures reduction was 48.31% of patients in the intervention group. Results: Our overall meta-analysis underlined the significant efficacy. The KD group is 5.6 times more likely than the control group to have a 50% reduction of seizures after three months of the diet or earlier.QUADAS and AMSTAR assessments showed a low risk of bias and adequate accuracy. Conclusion: The results show that the KD reduces seizure frequency in children with drug-refractory epilepsy. KD is an effective treatment option for children and adolescents with refractory epilepsy.

Ketogenic diet in pediatric seizures: a randomized controlled trial review and meta-analysis

Falsaperla R
Ultimo
2022

Abstract

Background: The ketogenic diet is a non-pharmacologic treatment option for children with drug-resistant epilepsy. This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to assess the efficacy of the ketogenic diet on seizures frequency in children. Methods: We reviewed the literature using Cochrane, EMBASE, MEDLINE, and highly qualified journals.Randomized controlled trials were chosen to investigate the seizures-free regime or at least 50% seizures reduction after three months from the starting of the ketogenic diet or earlier. We have selected articles from January 2011 to January 2020.Eight articles were eligible. The data show a significant reduction in seizure frequency in the dietary treatment pediatric population. The rate of a seizures-free regime or at least 50% seizures reduction was 48.31% of patients in the intervention group. Results: Our overall meta-analysis underlined the significant efficacy. The KD group is 5.6 times more likely than the control group to have a 50% reduction of seizures after three months of the diet or earlier.QUADAS and AMSTAR assessments showed a low risk of bias and adequate accuracy. Conclusion: The results show that the KD reduces seizure frequency in children with drug-refractory epilepsy. KD is an effective treatment option for children and adolescents with refractory epilepsy.
2022
Francesco, Pizzo; Ausilia Desiree, Collotta; Alessandra Di, Nora; Giuseppe, Costanza; Martino, Ruggieri; Falsaperla, R
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2537722
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