Ping-pong fractures (PPF) have become less frequent and no definite predictors to determine which fractures will elevate spontaneously and which should undergo surgical treatment have not been clearly defined. Herein, the authors present a revision of the literature, in which 54 papers were included, with a total of 228 children studied. Patients who underwent surgery accounted for 30%; elevation through obstetrical vacuum or other aspiration systems was applied in 30%, spontaneous resolution occurred in 40%; in 4 patients percutaneous microscrew elevation was applied. Overall, in 96.4% of patients the outcome was favorable since we found no significant increase in the incidence of post-traumatic seizures or neurologic sequelae with no significant differences between treated patients and spontaneous elevation. Statistical analysis showed no significant differences among the different treatment methods (P=0.53). Our results suggest that simple compound PPFs without brain compression, hematomas or dural tears could benefit from conservative management. In cases of non-spontaneous resolution after 6 months, operative strategies should be performed, considering that there is no evidence of differences between vacuum elevation and surgical elevation.

Decision-making challenge of Ping-Pong Fractures in children: systematic review of literature

Falsaperla R
Penultimo
;
2022

Abstract

Ping-pong fractures (PPF) have become less frequent and no definite predictors to determine which fractures will elevate spontaneously and which should undergo surgical treatment have not been clearly defined. Herein, the authors present a revision of the literature, in which 54 papers were included, with a total of 228 children studied. Patients who underwent surgery accounted for 30%; elevation through obstetrical vacuum or other aspiration systems was applied in 30%, spontaneous resolution occurred in 40%; in 4 patients percutaneous microscrew elevation was applied. Overall, in 96.4% of patients the outcome was favorable since we found no significant increase in the incidence of post-traumatic seizures or neurologic sequelae with no significant differences between treated patients and spontaneous elevation. Statistical analysis showed no significant differences among the different treatment methods (P=0.53). Our results suggest that simple compound PPFs without brain compression, hematomas or dural tears could benefit from conservative management. In cases of non-spontaneous resolution after 6 months, operative strategies should be performed, considering that there is no evidence of differences between vacuum elevation and surgical elevation.
2022
Altieri, R; Grasso, E; Cammarata, G; Garozzo, M; Marchese, G; Certo, F; Ruggieri, M; Falsaperla, R; Barbagallo, G.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2537699
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