The older population represents a unique subset of patients due to a higher rate of comorbidities and risk factors, which can lead to a higher rate of ischemic and bleeding events. As a result, older adults are mainly underrepresented or excluded from randomized trials. Although the advancement in the percutaneous coronary intervention field with the development of new technologies, techniques, and potent antiplatelet therapy led to a reduction of ischemic risk, there is still a concern regarding bleeding hazards. Apart from the global utilization of less invasive trans-radial approach and proton pump inhibitors to reduce bleeding risk, proper tailoring of antiplatelet therapy in the older person is imperative. So far, several antiplatelet drugs have been introduced in different clinical scenarios, with dual antiplatelet therapy (combination of acetylsalicylic acid and P2Y12 inhibitor) recommended after percutaneous coronary intervention. The decision on the choice of antiplatelet drug and the DAPT duration is challenging and should be based on the relationship between ischemia and bleeding with the purpose of reducing ischemic events but not at the expense of increased bleeding complications. This is particularly important in the older population, where the evidence is obscure. The main objective of this review is to summarize the available evidence on contemporary antiplatelet therapy and different approaches of de-escalation strategies in older patients after percutaneous coronary intervention.

Tailoring antiplatelet therapy in older patients with coronary artery disease

Pompei, Graziella;
2023

Abstract

The older population represents a unique subset of patients due to a higher rate of comorbidities and risk factors, which can lead to a higher rate of ischemic and bleeding events. As a result, older adults are mainly underrepresented or excluded from randomized trials. Although the advancement in the percutaneous coronary intervention field with the development of new technologies, techniques, and potent antiplatelet therapy led to a reduction of ischemic risk, there is still a concern regarding bleeding hazards. Apart from the global utilization of less invasive trans-radial approach and proton pump inhibitors to reduce bleeding risk, proper tailoring of antiplatelet therapy in the older person is imperative. So far, several antiplatelet drugs have been introduced in different clinical scenarios, with dual antiplatelet therapy (combination of acetylsalicylic acid and P2Y12 inhibitor) recommended after percutaneous coronary intervention. The decision on the choice of antiplatelet drug and the DAPT duration is challenging and should be based on the relationship between ischemia and bleeding with the purpose of reducing ischemic events but not at the expense of increased bleeding complications. This is particularly important in the older population, where the evidence is obscure. The main objective of this review is to summarize the available evidence on contemporary antiplatelet therapy and different approaches of de-escalation strategies in older patients after percutaneous coronary intervention.
2023
Kovacevic, Mila; Pompei, Graziella; Kunadian, Vijay
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2532776
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