Introduction: Evaluation of sagittal balance parameters is a standard assessment before spine surgery. However, these parameters can change during walking. We aimed to describe the behavior of spino-pelvic parameters during walking in healthy subjects. Material and methods: Analyses were performed in 60 healthy subjects. Static spinal sagittal balance parameters were assessed. We performed gait analysis and we used SMART-DX 500® to analyze parameters aimed at defining dynamic sagittal balance, including pelvic tilt angle (PTA), sagittal trunk shift (STS), and trunk angle (TA). We considered rotational and obliquity movements of the pelvis, flexo-extension movements of the hip, trunk, and knees. Analyses were performed in a standing posture and during walking. Results: PTA-cycle, PTA-stance, PTA-swing, STS-cycle, STS-stance, and STS-swing showed good-to-excellent internal reliability (ICC = 0.867; ICC = 0.700; ICC = 0.817, respectively). The parameters with the lowest variability were radiographic PI (CV = 16.53%), PTA-stance (CV = 9.55%), and PTA-swing (CV = 17.22%). PT was directly related to PTA-cycle (r = 0.534, p = .027). PI was inversely correlated with trunk flexo-extension range of motion (r = −0.654, p = .004) and dynamic PT (r = −0.489, p = .047). LL and SS were directly related to knee flexo-extension (r = 0.505, p = .039; r = 0.493, p = .045, respectively). SVA was correlated with the trunk obliquity in dynamics (r = 0.529, p = .029). PTA-cycle was directly related to trunk obliquity (r = 0.538, p = .049). STS and TA in the three phases of step were related to the kinematic parameters of the pelvis. TA was related to flexo-extension of the hip and knee. Conclusions: Variations of dynamic spino-pelvic parameters occur during walking and modify sagittal balance from a static to a dynamic condition.

The dynamic sagittal balance: definition of dynamic spino-pelvic parameters using a method based on gait analysis

M. Miscusi
Primo
;
2023

Abstract

Introduction: Evaluation of sagittal balance parameters is a standard assessment before spine surgery. However, these parameters can change during walking. We aimed to describe the behavior of spino-pelvic parameters during walking in healthy subjects. Material and methods: Analyses were performed in 60 healthy subjects. Static spinal sagittal balance parameters were assessed. We performed gait analysis and we used SMART-DX 500® to analyze parameters aimed at defining dynamic sagittal balance, including pelvic tilt angle (PTA), sagittal trunk shift (STS), and trunk angle (TA). We considered rotational and obliquity movements of the pelvis, flexo-extension movements of the hip, trunk, and knees. Analyses were performed in a standing posture and during walking. Results: PTA-cycle, PTA-stance, PTA-swing, STS-cycle, STS-stance, and STS-swing showed good-to-excellent internal reliability (ICC = 0.867; ICC = 0.700; ICC = 0.817, respectively). The parameters with the lowest variability were radiographic PI (CV = 16.53%), PTA-stance (CV = 9.55%), and PTA-swing (CV = 17.22%). PT was directly related to PTA-cycle (r = 0.534, p = .027). PI was inversely correlated with trunk flexo-extension range of motion (r = −0.654, p = .004) and dynamic PT (r = −0.489, p = .047). LL and SS were directly related to knee flexo-extension (r = 0.505, p = .039; r = 0.493, p = .045, respectively). SVA was correlated with the trunk obliquity in dynamics (r = 0.529, p = .029). PTA-cycle was directly related to trunk obliquity (r = 0.538, p = .049). STS and TA in the three phases of step were related to the kinematic parameters of the pelvis. TA was related to flexo-extension of the hip and knee. Conclusions: Variations of dynamic spino-pelvic parameters occur during walking and modify sagittal balance from a static to a dynamic condition.
2023
Miscusi, M.; Di Bartolomeo, A.; Scafa, A.; Ricciardi, L.; Chiarella, V.; Giugliano, M.; Castiglia, S. F.; Varrecchia, T.; Serrao, M.; Raco, A....espandi
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2530113
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