Background: Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) due to a middle cerebral artery (MCA) aneurysms rupture is often associated with intracerebral (ICH) or intrasylvian hematomas (ISH). Materials and methods: We reviewed 163 patients with ruptured MCA aneurysms associated with pure SAH or SAH+ICH/ISH. Patients were first dichotomized according to the presence of a hematoma (ICH/ISH). Then, we performed a subgroup analysis comparing ICH versus ISH in order to explore their relationship with the most relevant demographic, clinical, and angioarchitectural features. Results: Overall, 85 patients (52%) had a pure SAH, whereas 78 (48%) presented an associated ICH/ISH. No significant differences were observed in demographics and angioarchitectural features between the two groups, but Fisher grading and Hunt-Hess score were higher in patients with hematomas. A good outcome was observed in a higher percentage of patients with pure SAH compared with the others (76% Vs 44%), although mortality rates were comparable. Age, Hunt-Hess and treatment-related complications were the main outcome predictors at multivariate analysis. Patients with ICH appeared clinically worse than those with ISH. We also found that older age, higher Hunt-Hess, larger aneurysms, decompressive craniectomy and treatment-related complications were associated with poor outcome among patients with ISH, but not with ICH, which appeared per se as a more severe clinical condition. Conclusions: Our study confirm that age, Hunt-Hess and treatment-related complications influence the outcome of patients with ruptured MCA aneurysms. However, in the subgroup analysis of patients with SAH associated with ICH or ISH, only the Hunt-Hess at onset appeared as an independent predictor of outcome.

Comparison between intrasylvian and intracerebral hematoma associated with ruptured middle cerebral artery aneurysms: clinical implications, technical considerations, and outcome evaluation

Scerrati, Alba
Secondo
;
2023

Abstract

Background: Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) due to a middle cerebral artery (MCA) aneurysms rupture is often associated with intracerebral (ICH) or intrasylvian hematomas (ISH). Materials and methods: We reviewed 163 patients with ruptured MCA aneurysms associated with pure SAH or SAH+ICH/ISH. Patients were first dichotomized according to the presence of a hematoma (ICH/ISH). Then, we performed a subgroup analysis comparing ICH versus ISH in order to explore their relationship with the most relevant demographic, clinical, and angioarchitectural features. Results: Overall, 85 patients (52%) had a pure SAH, whereas 78 (48%) presented an associated ICH/ISH. No significant differences were observed in demographics and angioarchitectural features between the two groups, but Fisher grading and Hunt-Hess score were higher in patients with hematomas. A good outcome was observed in a higher percentage of patients with pure SAH compared with the others (76% Vs 44%), although mortality rates were comparable. Age, Hunt-Hess and treatment-related complications were the main outcome predictors at multivariate analysis. Patients with ICH appeared clinically worse than those with ISH. We also found that older age, higher Hunt-Hess, larger aneurysms, decompressive craniectomy and treatment-related complications were associated with poor outcome among patients with ISH, but not with ICH, which appeared per se as a more severe clinical condition. Conclusions: Our study confirm that age, Hunt-Hess and treatment-related complications influence the outcome of patients with ruptured MCA aneurysms. However, in the subgroup analysis of patients with SAH associated with ICH or ISH, only the Hunt-Hess at onset appeared as an independent predictor of outcome.
2023
Sturiale, Carmelo Lucio; Scerrati, Alba; Ricciardi, Luca; Rustemi, Oriela; Auricchio, Anna Maria; Norri, Nicolò; Piazza, Amedeo; Ranieri, Fabio; Benato, Alberto; Tomatis, Alberto; Albanese, Alessio; Mangiola, Annunziato; Di Egidio, Vincenzo; Zotta, Donato Carlo; Farneti, Marco; Marchese, Enrico; Raco, Antonino; Volpin, Lorenzo; Trevisi, Gianluca
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2505911
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