Background: Laparoscopic surgery and Trendelenburg position may affect the respiratory function and alter the gas exchange. Further the reduction of the lung volumes may contribute to the development of expiratory flow limitation (EFL). The latter is associated with an increased risk of postoperative pulmonary complications. Our aim was to investigate the incidence of EFL and to evaluate its effect on pulmonary function and intraoperative V/Q mismatch. Methods: This is a prospective study on patients undergoing elective laparoscopic gynecological surgery. We evaluated respiratory mechanics, V/Q mismatch and presence of EFL after anesthesia induction, during pneumoperitoneum and Trendelenburg position and at the end of surgery. Intraoperative gas exchange and hemodynamic were also recorded. Clinical data were collected until 7 days after surgery to evaluate the onset of pulmonary postoperative complications (PPCs). Results: Among the 66 patients enrolled, 25/66 (38%) exhibited EFL during surgery, of whom 10/66 (15%) after anesthesia induction, and the remaining 15 patients after pneumoperitoneum and Trendelenburg position. Median PEEP able to reverse flow limitation was 7 [7-10] cmH2O after anesthesia induction and 9 [8-15] cmH2O after pneumoperitoneum and Trendelenburg position. Patients with EFL had significantly higher shunt (17 [2-25] vs. 9 [1-19]; P=0.05), low V̇/Q̇ (27 [20-70] vs. 15 [10-22]; P=0.05) and high V̇/Q̇ (10 [7-14] vs. 6 [4-7]; P=0.024). At the end of surgery, only high V/Q was significantly higher in EFL patients. Further, they exhibited higher incidence of postoperative pulmonary complication (48% (12/25) vs. 15% (6/41), P=0.005), hypoxemia and hypercapnia (80% [20/25] vs. 32% [13/41]; P<0.001). Conclusions: Expiratory flow limitation is a common phenomenon during gynecological laparoscopic surgery associated with worsen gas exchange, increased V/Q mismatch and altered lung mechanics. Our study showed that patients experiencing EFL during surgery showed a higher risk for PPCs.

Effect of expiratory flow limitation on ventilation/perfusion mismatch and perioperative lung function during pneumoperitoneum and Trendelenburg position

Fogagnolo, Alberto;Spadaro, Savino
;
Scaramuzzo, Gaetano;Mari, Matilde;Guirrini, Silvia;Ragazzi, Riccardo;Greco, Pantaleo;Volta, Carlo A
2023

Abstract

Background: Laparoscopic surgery and Trendelenburg position may affect the respiratory function and alter the gas exchange. Further the reduction of the lung volumes may contribute to the development of expiratory flow limitation (EFL). The latter is associated with an increased risk of postoperative pulmonary complications. Our aim was to investigate the incidence of EFL and to evaluate its effect on pulmonary function and intraoperative V/Q mismatch. Methods: This is a prospective study on patients undergoing elective laparoscopic gynecological surgery. We evaluated respiratory mechanics, V/Q mismatch and presence of EFL after anesthesia induction, during pneumoperitoneum and Trendelenburg position and at the end of surgery. Intraoperative gas exchange and hemodynamic were also recorded. Clinical data were collected until 7 days after surgery to evaluate the onset of pulmonary postoperative complications (PPCs). Results: Among the 66 patients enrolled, 25/66 (38%) exhibited EFL during surgery, of whom 10/66 (15%) after anesthesia induction, and the remaining 15 patients after pneumoperitoneum and Trendelenburg position. Median PEEP able to reverse flow limitation was 7 [7-10] cmH2O after anesthesia induction and 9 [8-15] cmH2O after pneumoperitoneum and Trendelenburg position. Patients with EFL had significantly higher shunt (17 [2-25] vs. 9 [1-19]; P=0.05), low V̇/Q̇ (27 [20-70] vs. 15 [10-22]; P=0.05) and high V̇/Q̇ (10 [7-14] vs. 6 [4-7]; P=0.024). At the end of surgery, only high V/Q was significantly higher in EFL patients. Further, they exhibited higher incidence of postoperative pulmonary complication (48% (12/25) vs. 15% (6/41), P=0.005), hypoxemia and hypercapnia (80% [20/25] vs. 32% [13/41]; P<0.001). Conclusions: Expiratory flow limitation is a common phenomenon during gynecological laparoscopic surgery associated with worsen gas exchange, increased V/Q mismatch and altered lung mechanics. Our study showed that patients experiencing EFL during surgery showed a higher risk for PPCs.
2023
Fogagnolo, Alberto; Spadaro, Savino; Karbing, Dan S; Scaramuzzo, Gaetano; Mari, Matilde; Guirrini, Silvia; Ragazzi, Riccardo; Al-Husinat, Lou'I; Greco, Pantaleo; Rees, Stephen E; Volta, Carlo A
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2503508
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