The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (Covid-19) pandemic had dramatic effect on mental health, causing long-term psychiatricmorbidity. At present, there are no randomized trials reporting the effect of physical exercise on individuals with post- Covid-19 condition are available. The aim of this review was to summarize the evidence regarding the evidence on exercise as a treatment for anxiety and depression symptoms secondary to chronic diseases, which may be generalized to individuals suffering from the post- Covid-19 condition. Trials were included if they reported the effects of physical exercise programs on anxiety or depression symptoms in adults, either healthy or affected by chronic diseases. Outcomes were changes of anxiety or depression severity after an exercise-based intervention. Of the 2161 RCTs identified, eight out of 15 studies were included. Exercise was associated with greater improvements of depressive (SMD = -0.169; 95 % CI -0.302 at -0.003; p = 0.013) and anxiety symptoms (SMD = -0.263, 95 % CI -0.418 at -0.109; p = 0.001), compared with control interventions. Supervised exercise programs were effective against symptoms of anxiety or depression among individuals with chronich illnesses. Pending specific clinical trials, exercise may be considered for adoption among patients with the post Covid-19 condition.

Exercise program for the management of anxiety and depression in adults and elderly subjects: Is it applicable to patients with post-covid-19 condition? A systematic review and meta-analysis

Piva, Tommaso
Primo
;
Masotti, Sabrina
Secondo
;
Raisi, Andrea
;
Zerbini, Valentina;Grazzi, Giovanni;Mazzoni, Gianni;Belvederi Murri, Martino
Penultimo
;
Mandini, Simona
Ultimo
2023

Abstract

The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (Covid-19) pandemic had dramatic effect on mental health, causing long-term psychiatricmorbidity. At present, there are no randomized trials reporting the effect of physical exercise on individuals with post- Covid-19 condition are available. The aim of this review was to summarize the evidence regarding the evidence on exercise as a treatment for anxiety and depression symptoms secondary to chronic diseases, which may be generalized to individuals suffering from the post- Covid-19 condition. Trials were included if they reported the effects of physical exercise programs on anxiety or depression symptoms in adults, either healthy or affected by chronic diseases. Outcomes were changes of anxiety or depression severity after an exercise-based intervention. Of the 2161 RCTs identified, eight out of 15 studies were included. Exercise was associated with greater improvements of depressive (SMD = -0.169; 95 % CI -0.302 at -0.003; p = 0.013) and anxiety symptoms (SMD = -0.263, 95 % CI -0.418 at -0.109; p = 0.001), compared with control interventions. Supervised exercise programs were effective against symptoms of anxiety or depression among individuals with chronich illnesses. Pending specific clinical trials, exercise may be considered for adoption among patients with the post Covid-19 condition.
2023
Piva, Tommaso; Masotti, Sabrina; Raisi, Andrea; Zerbini, Valentina; Grazzi, Giovanni; Mazzoni, Gianni; Belvederi Murri, Martino; Mandini, Simona
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2501040
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