The styrene oxide to styrene carbonate conversion performed in CO2 atmosphere, herein selected as a case study, was implemented in microdroplets (aerosol) reactions at the preparative scale (3.5 mmol of the starting material) and mild conditions (1 atm CO2 pressure), within a custom-made ultrasonic nebulization reactor. Upon opti- mization of the promoter stoichiometry (1 eq of 4.3 TEG/KI ratio) and methanol (MeOH) dilution (7.5 mL of 2.5 v/v MeOH/TEG), performances under mass transfer-limited conditions of this novel methodological paradigm have been compared at 25 ◦C and 50 ◦C with those implemented as: a) no-stirred, b) stirred, and c) sonicated bulk reactions. Complete selectivity and an apparent acceleration factor (AAF) of 1.9 was registered at both temperature for microdroplets reactions in respect with the sonicated counterparts, these latter performing better than the other bulk reactions. These significative efficiency improvements, candidate aerosol reactions as a preferred process intensification approach in the realm of effective CO2-utilization strategies and, in general, in the development and exploitation of gas-liquid two-phase reactions.

Efficiency in CO2-utilization strategies: The case of styrene carbonate synthesis in microdroplets conditions

Caterina Rovegno
Secondo
;
Alessandro Massi;
2023

Abstract

The styrene oxide to styrene carbonate conversion performed in CO2 atmosphere, herein selected as a case study, was implemented in microdroplets (aerosol) reactions at the preparative scale (3.5 mmol of the starting material) and mild conditions (1 atm CO2 pressure), within a custom-made ultrasonic nebulization reactor. Upon opti- mization of the promoter stoichiometry (1 eq of 4.3 TEG/KI ratio) and methanol (MeOH) dilution (7.5 mL of 2.5 v/v MeOH/TEG), performances under mass transfer-limited conditions of this novel methodological paradigm have been compared at 25 ◦C and 50 ◦C with those implemented as: a) no-stirred, b) stirred, and c) sonicated bulk reactions. Complete selectivity and an apparent acceleration factor (AAF) of 1.9 was registered at both temperature for microdroplets reactions in respect with the sonicated counterparts, these latter performing better than the other bulk reactions. These significative efficiency improvements, candidate aerosol reactions as a preferred process intensification approach in the realm of effective CO2-utilization strategies and, in general, in the development and exploitation of gas-liquid two-phase reactions.
2023
Urbani, Daniele; Rovegno, Caterina; Massi, Alessandro; Enis Leblebici, Mumin; Kayahan, Emine; Polo, Eleonora; Dambruoso, Paolo
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2500926
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