The COVID-19 pandemic had a relevant impact on the organization of intensive care units (ICU) and may have reduced the overall compliance with healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) prevention programs. Invasively ventilated patients are at high risk of ICU-associated infection, but there is little evidence regarding the impact of the pandemic on their occurrence in non-COVID-19 patients. Moreover, little is known of antibiotic prescription trends in the ICU during the first wave of the pandemic. The purpose of this investigation is to assess the incidence, characteristics, and risk factors for ICU-associated HAIs in a population of invasively ventilated patients affected by non-COVID-19 acute respiratory failure (ARF) admitted to the ICU in the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic, and to evaluate the ICU antimicrobial prescription strategies. Moreover, we compared HAIs and antibiotic use to a cohort of ARF patients admitted to the ICU the year before the pandemic during the same period.

Effect of the Pandemic Outbreak on ICU-Associated Infections and Antibiotic Prescription Trends in Non-COVID19 Acute Respiratory Failure Patients

Bussolati, Enrico
Primo
;
Cultrera, Rosario
Secondo
;
Marangoni, Elisabetta;La Rosa, Riccardo;Bertacchini, Sara;Bellonzi, Alessandra;Ragazzi, Riccardo;Volta, Carlo Alberto;Spadaro, Savino
Penultimo
;
Scaramuzzo, Gaetano
Ultimo
2022

Abstract

The COVID-19 pandemic had a relevant impact on the organization of intensive care units (ICU) and may have reduced the overall compliance with healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) prevention programs. Invasively ventilated patients are at high risk of ICU-associated infection, but there is little evidence regarding the impact of the pandemic on their occurrence in non-COVID-19 patients. Moreover, little is known of antibiotic prescription trends in the ICU during the first wave of the pandemic. The purpose of this investigation is to assess the incidence, characteristics, and risk factors for ICU-associated HAIs in a population of invasively ventilated patients affected by non-COVID-19 acute respiratory failure (ARF) admitted to the ICU in the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic, and to evaluate the ICU antimicrobial prescription strategies. Moreover, we compared HAIs and antibiotic use to a cohort of ARF patients admitted to the ICU the year before the pandemic during the same period.
2022
Bussolati, Enrico; Cultrera, Rosario; Quaranta, Alessandra; Cricca, Valentina; Marangoni, Elisabetta; La Rosa, Riccardo; Bertacchini, Sara; Bellonzi, Alessandra; Ragazzi, Riccardo; Volta, Carlo Alberto; Spadaro, Savino; Scaramuzzo, Gaetano
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2499326
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