Purpose: The architecture of 3D-printed parts made through fused deposition modelling (FDM) with raster infill resembles that of composite laminates. Classical lamination theory (CLT), the simplest model for composite laminates, has been proved successful for describing the stiffness properties of FDM parts, while strength modeling so far has been limited to unidirectional lay-ups. The aim of this paper is to show that CLT can be used to predict also FDM part failure. Design/methodology/approach: Wood flour-filled polyester has been chosen as a model material. Unidirectional specimens oriented at 0°, 90° and ± 45° have been first characterized in simple tension to obtain the properties of the single layer. Next, two quasi-isotropic lay-ups, possessing different layer sequences, have been tested again in simple tension for CLT validation. Findings: The measured properties are in good agreement with theoretical predictions, both for stiffness and strength, and an even better agreement can be achieved if a correction for taking the contour lines into account is implemented. Originality/value: The paper shows that also the tensile strength of FDM parts can be predicted by using a mathematical model based on CLT. This opens up the possibility of using CLT for studying optimization of raster filled lay-ups, for example in terms of the best raster angles sequence, to better resist applied external loads.

Tensile properties of FDM 3D-printed wood flour filled polymers and mathematical modeling through classical lamination theory

Malagutti L.
Primo
;
Mazzanti V.
Secondo
;
Mollica F.
Ultimo
2022

Abstract

Purpose: The architecture of 3D-printed parts made through fused deposition modelling (FDM) with raster infill resembles that of composite laminates. Classical lamination theory (CLT), the simplest model for composite laminates, has been proved successful for describing the stiffness properties of FDM parts, while strength modeling so far has been limited to unidirectional lay-ups. The aim of this paper is to show that CLT can be used to predict also FDM part failure. Design/methodology/approach: Wood flour-filled polyester has been chosen as a model material. Unidirectional specimens oriented at 0°, 90° and ± 45° have been first characterized in simple tension to obtain the properties of the single layer. Next, two quasi-isotropic lay-ups, possessing different layer sequences, have been tested again in simple tension for CLT validation. Findings: The measured properties are in good agreement with theoretical predictions, both for stiffness and strength, and an even better agreement can be achieved if a correction for taking the contour lines into account is implemented. Originality/value: The paper shows that also the tensile strength of FDM parts can be predicted by using a mathematical model based on CLT. This opens up the possibility of using CLT for studying optimization of raster filled lay-ups, for example in terms of the best raster angles sequence, to better resist applied external loads.
2022
Malagutti, L.; Mazzanti, V.; Mollica, F.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2496942
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