Background: Beta-site APP cleaving enzyme 1 (BACE1) is the rate-limiting enzyme in amyloid-beta (A beta) plaques formation. BACE1 activity is increased in brains of patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and plasma levels of BACE1 appears to reflect those in the brains.Objective: In this work, we investigated the role of serum BACE1 activity as biomarker for AD, estimating the diagnostic accuracy of the assay and assessing the correlation of BACE1 activity with levels of A beta(1-40), A beta(1-42), and A beta(40/42) ratio in serum, known biomarkers of brain amyloidosis.Methods: Serum BACE1 activity and levels of A beta(1-40), A beta(1-42), were assessed in 31 AD, 28 MCI, diagnosed as AD at follow-up (MCI-AD), and 30 controls. The BACE1 analysis was performed with a luciferase assay, where interpolation of relative fluorescence units with a standard curve of concentration reveals BACE1 activity. Serum levels of A beta(1-40), A beta(1-42) were measured with the ultrasensitive Single Molecule Array technology.Results: BACE1 was increased (higher than 60%) in AD and MCI-AD: a cut-off of 11.04 kU/L discriminated patients with high sensitivity (98.31%) and specificity (100%). Diagnostic accuracy was higher for BACE1 than A beta(40/42) ratio. High BACE1 levels were associated with worse cognitive performance and earlier disease onset, which was anticipated by 8 years in patients with BACE1 values above the median value (> 16.67 kU/L).Conclusion: Our results provide new evidence supporting serum/plasma BACE1 activity as an early biomarker of AD.

Increased Serum Beta-Secretase 1 Activity is an Early Marker of Alzheimer's Disease

Cervellati, Carlo
Secondo
;
Rosta, Valentina;Trentini, Alessandro;Zuliani, Giovanni
Penultimo
;
2022

Abstract

Background: Beta-site APP cleaving enzyme 1 (BACE1) is the rate-limiting enzyme in amyloid-beta (A beta) plaques formation. BACE1 activity is increased in brains of patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and plasma levels of BACE1 appears to reflect those in the brains.Objective: In this work, we investigated the role of serum BACE1 activity as biomarker for AD, estimating the diagnostic accuracy of the assay and assessing the correlation of BACE1 activity with levels of A beta(1-40), A beta(1-42), and A beta(40/42) ratio in serum, known biomarkers of brain amyloidosis.Methods: Serum BACE1 activity and levels of A beta(1-40), A beta(1-42), were assessed in 31 AD, 28 MCI, diagnosed as AD at follow-up (MCI-AD), and 30 controls. The BACE1 analysis was performed with a luciferase assay, where interpolation of relative fluorescence units with a standard curve of concentration reveals BACE1 activity. Serum levels of A beta(1-40), A beta(1-42) were measured with the ultrasensitive Single Molecule Array technology.Results: BACE1 was increased (higher than 60%) in AD and MCI-AD: a cut-off of 11.04 kU/L discriminated patients with high sensitivity (98.31%) and specificity (100%). Diagnostic accuracy was higher for BACE1 than A beta(40/42) ratio. High BACE1 levels were associated with worse cognitive performance and earlier disease onset, which was anticipated by 8 years in patients with BACE1 values above the median value (> 16.67 kU/L).Conclusion: Our results provide new evidence supporting serum/plasma BACE1 activity as an early biomarker of AD.
2022
Nicsanu, Roland; Cervellati, Carlo; Benussi, Luisa; Squitti, Rosanna; Zanardini, Roberta; Rosta, Valentina; Trentini, Alessandro; Ferrari, Clarissa; Saraceno, Claudia; Longobardi, Antonio; Bellini, Sonia; Binetti, Giuliano; Zanetti, Orazio; Zuliani, Giovanni; Ghidoni, Roberta
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2495744
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