Aim: Dissection with subsequent ligation and resection of arteries at their origin (central vascular ligation) is essential for adequate oncological resection during right hemicolectomy with complete mesocolic excision. This technique is technically demanding due to the highly variable arterial pattern of the right colon. Therefore, this study aims to provide a comprehensive evidence-based assessment of the arterial vascular anatomy of the right colon. Methods: A thorough systematic literature search through September 2020 was conducted on the electronic databases PubMed, Scopus and Web of Science to identify studies eligible for inclusion. Data were extracted and pooled into a meta-analysis using MetaXl software. Results: A total of 41 studies (n = 4691 patients) were included. The ileocolic artery (ICA), right colic artery (RCA) and middle colic artery (MCA) were present in 99.7% (95% CI 99.4%–99.8%), 72.6% (95% CI 61.3%–82.5%) and 96.9% (95% CI 94.2%–98.8%) respectively of patients. Supernumerary RCA and MCA were observed in 3.2% and 11.4% respectively of all cases. The RCA shared a common trunk with the ICA and MCA in 13.2% and 17.7% respectively of patients. A retro-superior mesenteric vein course of the ICA and RCA was observed in 55.1% and 11.4% respectively of all cases. Conclusion: The vascular anatomy of the right colon displays several notable variations, namely the absence of some branches (RCA absent in 27.4% of cases), supernumerary branches, common trunks, and retro-superior mesenteric vein courses. These variations should be taken into consideration during right hemicolectomy with complete mesocolic excision to ensure adequate oncological resection while minimizing intra-operative complications.

A systematic review and meta-analysis of variants of the branches of the superior mesenteric artery: the Achilles heel of right hemicolectomy with complete mesocolic excision?

Annibale Donini
Penultimo
;
Gabriele Anania
Ultimo
2021

Abstract

Aim: Dissection with subsequent ligation and resection of arteries at their origin (central vascular ligation) is essential for adequate oncological resection during right hemicolectomy with complete mesocolic excision. This technique is technically demanding due to the highly variable arterial pattern of the right colon. Therefore, this study aims to provide a comprehensive evidence-based assessment of the arterial vascular anatomy of the right colon. Methods: A thorough systematic literature search through September 2020 was conducted on the electronic databases PubMed, Scopus and Web of Science to identify studies eligible for inclusion. Data were extracted and pooled into a meta-analysis using MetaXl software. Results: A total of 41 studies (n = 4691 patients) were included. The ileocolic artery (ICA), right colic artery (RCA) and middle colic artery (MCA) were present in 99.7% (95% CI 99.4%–99.8%), 72.6% (95% CI 61.3%–82.5%) and 96.9% (95% CI 94.2%–98.8%) respectively of patients. Supernumerary RCA and MCA were observed in 3.2% and 11.4% respectively of all cases. The RCA shared a common trunk with the ICA and MCA in 13.2% and 17.7% respectively of patients. A retro-superior mesenteric vein course of the ICA and RCA was observed in 55.1% and 11.4% respectively of all cases. Conclusion: The vascular anatomy of the right colon displays several notable variations, namely the absence of some branches (RCA absent in 27.4% of cases), supernumerary branches, common trunks, and retro-superior mesenteric vein courses. These variations should be taken into consideration during right hemicolectomy with complete mesocolic excision to ensure adequate oncological resection while minimizing intra-operative complications.
2021
Cirocchi, Roberto; Radolph, Jastus; Justin Davies, R; Cheruiyot, Isaac; Gioia, Sara; Michael Henry, Brandon; Carlini, Luigi; Donini, Annibale; Anania, Gabriele
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2461728
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