Bone mineralization is an orchestrated process by which mineral crystals are de- posited by osteoblasts; however, the detailed mechanisms remain to be elucidated. The presence of P2X7 receptor (P2X7R) in immature and mature bone cells is well established, but contrasting evidence on its role in osteogenic differentiation and deposition of calcified bone matrix remains. To clarify these controversies in the present study, we investigated P2X7R participation in bone maturation. We de- monstrated that the P2X7R is expressed and functional in human primary osteo- blasts, and identified in the P2RX7 promoter several binding sites for transcription factors involved in bone mineralization. Of particular interest was the finding that P2X7R expression is enhanced by nuclear factor of activated T cells cytoplasmic 1 (NFATc1) overexpression, and accordingly, NFATc1 is recruited at the P2RX7 gene promoter in SaOS2 osteoblastic like cells. In conclusion, our data provide further insights into the regulation of P2X7R expression and support the development of drugs targeting this receptor for the therapy of bone diseases.

Expression and function of the P2X7 receptor in human osteoblasts: The role of NFATc1 transcription factor

Leticia Scussel Bergamin
Primo
;
Letizia Penolazzi
Secondo
;
Elisabetta Lambertini;Simonetta Falzoni;Alba Clara Sarti;Pasquale De Bonis;Francesco Di Virgilio
Penultimo
;
Roberta Piva
Ultimo
2021

Abstract

Bone mineralization is an orchestrated process by which mineral crystals are de- posited by osteoblasts; however, the detailed mechanisms remain to be elucidated. The presence of P2X7 receptor (P2X7R) in immature and mature bone cells is well established, but contrasting evidence on its role in osteogenic differentiation and deposition of calcified bone matrix remains. To clarify these controversies in the present study, we investigated P2X7R participation in bone maturation. We de- monstrated that the P2X7R is expressed and functional in human primary osteo- blasts, and identified in the P2RX7 promoter several binding sites for transcription factors involved in bone mineralization. Of particular interest was the finding that P2X7R expression is enhanced by nuclear factor of activated T cells cytoplasmic 1 (NFATc1) overexpression, and accordingly, NFATc1 is recruited at the P2RX7 gene promoter in SaOS2 osteoblastic like cells. In conclusion, our data provide further insights into the regulation of P2X7R expression and support the development of drugs targeting this receptor for the therapy of bone diseases.
2021
SCUSSEL BERGAMIN, Leticia; Penolazzi, Maria Letizia; Lambertini, Elisabetta; Falzoni, Simonetta; Sarti, Alba Clara; Molle, Caroline M.; Pierre Gendron, Fernand; DE BONIS, Pasquale; DI VIRGILIO, Francesco; Piva, Maria Roberta
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2426093
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