Patients with homozygous β-thalassemia show an abnormal lipoprotein profile. In asymptomatic heterozygotes the lipid pattern is less markedly affected but interestingly related to a diminished cardiovascular risk. The extent and significance of these findings are still a matter of debate and no data are available on lipoprotein(a) plasma levels. Seventy patients with homozygous β-thalassemia (HT-P), 70 β-thalassemia trait carriers (TT-C) and 70 sex and age-matched controls were investigated and their plasma lipoprotein profile and apo(a) phenotypes determined. In a subgroup of these same subjects (12 HT-P, 12 TT-C and 24 controls) and in 12 bone marrow- transplanted homozygous β-thalassemic patients (BMT-P) plasma lipoprotein composition was assessed. HT-P disclosed significantly lower total- cholesterol. LDL-cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, apo A-I, apo B plasma levels and higher triglyceride concentration than TT-C (-7, -11,- 8, -8, -13 and +11%, respectively) or controls (-39,-50, -46, -32, -30 and +35%, respectively). All lipoprotein subclasses were triglyceride-enriched, while LDLs were also protein-enriched and HDLs protein-depleted. TT-C disclosed a small but significant reduction in apo A-I and apo B plasma levels but only minor lipoprotein abnormalities with respect to the controls. BMT-P lipoprotein composition was intermediate between HT-P and normal subjects, Apo(a) plasma levels did not differ among the groups. A higher prevalence of 'small apo(a) isoforms was present in HT-P. Within the same 'isoform group', apo(a) plasma levels were significantly lower in HT-P than in TT-C or controls. Since liver cirrhosis is almost always present in HT-P, it is conceivable that an altered hepatic apo(a) synthesis or catabolism due perhaps to diminished apolipoprotein glycation may be involved. In TT-C a partially improved cardiovascular risk profile was apparent (low hematocrit, low LDL-cholesterol and apo B) thus justifying the claim for a low prevalence of ischemic heart disease, but no Lp(a) plasma level modification could be detected.

Plasma lipoprotein composition, apolipoprotein(a) concentration and isoforms in β-thalassemia

VIGNA, Giovanni Battista;FELLIN, Renato
1997

Abstract

Patients with homozygous β-thalassemia show an abnormal lipoprotein profile. In asymptomatic heterozygotes the lipid pattern is less markedly affected but interestingly related to a diminished cardiovascular risk. The extent and significance of these findings are still a matter of debate and no data are available on lipoprotein(a) plasma levels. Seventy patients with homozygous β-thalassemia (HT-P), 70 β-thalassemia trait carriers (TT-C) and 70 sex and age-matched controls were investigated and their plasma lipoprotein profile and apo(a) phenotypes determined. In a subgroup of these same subjects (12 HT-P, 12 TT-C and 24 controls) and in 12 bone marrow- transplanted homozygous β-thalassemic patients (BMT-P) plasma lipoprotein composition was assessed. HT-P disclosed significantly lower total- cholesterol. LDL-cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, apo A-I, apo B plasma levels and higher triglyceride concentration than TT-C (-7, -11,- 8, -8, -13 and +11%, respectively) or controls (-39,-50, -46, -32, -30 and +35%, respectively). All lipoprotein subclasses were triglyceride-enriched, while LDLs were also protein-enriched and HDLs protein-depleted. TT-C disclosed a small but significant reduction in apo A-I and apo B plasma levels but only minor lipoprotein abnormalities with respect to the controls. BMT-P lipoprotein composition was intermediate between HT-P and normal subjects, Apo(a) plasma levels did not differ among the groups. A higher prevalence of 'small apo(a) isoforms was present in HT-P. Within the same 'isoform group', apo(a) plasma levels were significantly lower in HT-P than in TT-C or controls. Since liver cirrhosis is almost always present in HT-P, it is conceivable that an altered hepatic apo(a) synthesis or catabolism due perhaps to diminished apolipoprotein glycation may be involved. In TT-C a partially improved cardiovascular risk profile was apparent (low hematocrit, low LDL-cholesterol and apo B) thus justifying the claim for a low prevalence of ischemic heart disease, but no Lp(a) plasma level modification could be detected.
1997
Maioli, Mario; Vigna, Giovanni Battista; Tonolo, Giancarlo; Brizzi, Patrizia; Ciccarese, Milco; Donegà, Paola; Maioli, Margherita; Fellin, Renato
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2353766
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