The Italian Peninsula attests an early human peopling through the presence of several sites such as Monte Poggiolo and Pirro Nord, the first one dated to about 1.0 Ma (by paleomagnetism and ESR) and the second one dated to 1.2–1.5 Ma (on a biochronological basis and especially on the presence of Allophaiomys ruffoi). The techno-economical approach to the lithic industries has been used to highlight the technical behaviours, the choices related to raw materials and to make comparisons with other European sites that have the same chronology. In these sites, the lithic production is generally characterized by short reduction sequences strongly adapted to the initial morphology of raw material (always flint cobbles or pebbles). The lithic production is mainly made by unipolar/orthogonal/multidirectional debitage, but also centripetal exploitation is attested, and seems to have an important place inside the debitage economy. From a general point of view, these features are shared with the other contemporary European sites and with the African Mode 1, but some peculiarities can be underlined, indicating an extraordinary savoir-faire and capacity of adaptation to raw material

The first European peopling and the Italian case: Peculiarities and "opportunism"

ARZARELLO, Marta
Primo
;
PERETTO, Carlo
Ultimo
2016

Abstract

The Italian Peninsula attests an early human peopling through the presence of several sites such as Monte Poggiolo and Pirro Nord, the first one dated to about 1.0 Ma (by paleomagnetism and ESR) and the second one dated to 1.2–1.5 Ma (on a biochronological basis and especially on the presence of Allophaiomys ruffoi). The techno-economical approach to the lithic industries has been used to highlight the technical behaviours, the choices related to raw materials and to make comparisons with other European sites that have the same chronology. In these sites, the lithic production is generally characterized by short reduction sequences strongly adapted to the initial morphology of raw material (always flint cobbles or pebbles). The lithic production is mainly made by unipolar/orthogonal/multidirectional debitage, but also centripetal exploitation is attested, and seems to have an important place inside the debitage economy. From a general point of view, these features are shared with the other contemporary European sites and with the African Mode 1, but some peculiarities can be underlined, indicating an extraordinary savoir-faire and capacity of adaptation to raw material
2016
Arzarello, Marta; De Weyer, Louis; Peretto, Carlo
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Arzarello et al 2016_first europeans.pdf

solo gestori archivio

Descrizione: versione editoriale
Tipologia: Full text (versione editoriale)
Licenza: NON PUBBLICO - Accesso privato/ristretto
Dimensione 3.44 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
3.44 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in SFERA sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2339472
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 23
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 25
social impact