Herein, we report a study on P-type layered sodium transition metal-based oxides with a general formula of NaxMO2 (M = Ni, Fe, Mn). We synthesize the materials via coprecipitation followed by annealing in air and rinsing with water, and we examine the electrodes as cathodes for sodium-ion batteries using a propylene carbonate-based electrolyte. We fully investigate the effect of the Ni-to-Fe ratio, annealing temperature, and sodium content on the electrochemical performances of the electrodes. The impact of these parameters on the structural and ectrochemical properties of the materials is revealed by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, and cyclic voltammetry, respectively. The suitability of this class of P-type materials for sodium battery application is finally demonstrated by cycling tests revealing an excellent electrochemical performance in terms of delivered capacity (i.e., about 200 mAh g−1) and charge−discharge efficiency (approaching 100%).

A comparative study of layered transition metal oxide cathodes for application in sodium-ion battery

HASSOUN, Jusef
2015

Abstract

Herein, we report a study on P-type layered sodium transition metal-based oxides with a general formula of NaxMO2 (M = Ni, Fe, Mn). We synthesize the materials via coprecipitation followed by annealing in air and rinsing with water, and we examine the electrodes as cathodes for sodium-ion batteries using a propylene carbonate-based electrolyte. We fully investigate the effect of the Ni-to-Fe ratio, annealing temperature, and sodium content on the electrochemical performances of the electrodes. The impact of these parameters on the structural and ectrochemical properties of the materials is revealed by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, and cyclic voltammetry, respectively. The suitability of this class of P-type materials for sodium battery application is finally demonstrated by cycling tests revealing an excellent electrochemical performance in terms of delivered capacity (i.e., about 200 mAh g−1) and charge−discharge efficiency (approaching 100%).
2015
Hasa, Ivana; Buchholz, Daniel; Passerini, Stefano; Hassoun, Jusef
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2334053
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